A tornado is also commonly referred to as a "twister", and is also sometimes referred to by the old-fashioned colloquial term cyclone. The term "twister" is also used in that film, along with being the title of the tornado-related film Twister.
Origins[ edit ] Artist's concept of the AFVGan ancestor Tornado projects the MRCA programme During the s, aeronautical designers looked to variable-geometry wing designs to gain the manoeuvrability and efficient cruise of straight wings with the speed of swept wing designs.
France had made a favourable offer to Belgium on the Dassault Mirage 5which created doubt as to whether the MRCA would be worthwhile from Belgium's operational perspective.
Airflow disturbances were responded to by re-profiling the engine intakes and the fuselage to minimise surging and buffeting experienced at supersonic speeds. The mission envisaged during the Cold War was the delivery of conventional and nuclear ordnance on the invading forces of the Warsaw Pact countries of Eastern Europe; this dictated several significant features of the design.
Variable wing geometry, allowing for minimal drag during the critical low-level dash towards a well-prepared enemy, had been desired from the project's start. Advanced navigation and flight Tornado projects, including the then-innovative fly-by-wire system, greatly reduced the workload of the pilot during low-level flight and eased control of the aircraft.
The most extensive modification from the base Tornado design was the Tornado ADV, which was stretched and armed with long range anti-aircraft missiles to serve in the interceptor role.
To achieve high-speed performance, a swept or delta wing is typically adopted, but these wing designs are inefficient at low speeds. To operate at both high and low speeds with great effectiveness, the Tornado uses a variable-sweep wing.
The smaller Tornado has many similarities with the F; however, the Tornado differs in being a multi-role aircraft with more advanced onboard systems and avionics. The variable wing can adopt any sweep angle between 25 degrees and 67 degrees, with a corresponding speed range for each angle; some Tornado ADVs were outfitted with an automatic wing-sweep system to reduce pilot workload.
Germany, in particular, encouraged this design aspect.
A link 16 JTIDS integration on the F3 variant enabled the exchange of radar and other sensory information with nearby friendly aircraft.
Amongst the new armaments that the Tornado has been adapted to deploy are the enhanced Paveway and Joint Direct Attack Munition bombs, and modern cruise missiles such as the Taurus and Storm Shadow missiles; these upgrades have increased the Tornado's capabilities and combat accuracy.
InBritain considered replacing its Polaris submarines with either the Trident submarines or alternatively the Tornado as the main bearer of its nuclear deterrent. Turbo-Union RB Britain considered the selection of Rolls-Royce to develop the advanced engine for the MRCA to be essential, and was strongly opposed to adopting an engine from an American manufacturer, to the point where the UK might have withdrawn over the issue.
One advantage over the US competition was that a technology transfer between the partner nations had been agreed; the engine was to be developed and manufactured by a joint company, Turbo-Union.
To operate efficiently across a wide range of conditions and speeds up to Mach 2, the RB. The upgrade eased the integration of new weapons and sensors which were purchased in parallel, including the Storm Shadow cruise missilethe Brimstone anti-tank missile, Paveway III laser-guided bombs and the RAPTOR reconnaissance pod was integrated.
The parts included a protective cover for the radio, a landing-gear guard and air-intake door support struts. The test demonstrated the feasibility of making replacement parts quickly and cheaply at the air base hosting the Tornado.
It is envisioned as a networked system of systems, working with UAVs, complementing the Eurofighter and could be optionally manned. This led to a reduction in its Tornado strength to four wings by September A major part of this announcement is the plan to cut the German fighter fleet from in early to by These equipped two wings, each with a nominal strength of 48 aircraft.A tornado science project is a great way to replicate a powerful force of nature and get a good grasp behind the science that makes it work.
VORTEX2 was the largest tornado research project in history to explore how, when and why tornadoes form. VORTEX2 was the largest tornado research project in history to explore how, when and why tornadoes . Tornado Mitigation - Residential. 1 of 1. Residential Safe Rooms. This Just In Time Training video was produced by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Tornado is a Python web framework and asynchronous networking library, originally developed at FriendFeed.
Navigation Project description Release history Download files. It’s been two years since a deadly EF-5 tornado swept through Moore, Oklahoma, taking the lives of 24 people, including seven children, and destroying nearly 1, homes.
Abstract Tornadoes are a very destructive weather phenomenon that is very hard to predict. Certain weather conditions can indicate if a tornado is likely to occur, but the path that the tornado will take is completely unpredictable.