By Tami Kamin Meyer Posted on Tuesday, November 6, In the fall ofI was thrilled to be hired for a freelance writing opportunity that suited me perfectly. As a longtime practicing attorney and freelance writer, I relish writing posts where I can marry my passions of law and writing. Not long into my tenure, I started noticing typographical and grammatical errors had been edited into my articles prior to publication. For example, misplaced commas were inserted in my copy, transforming an otherwise well-structured sentence into a stilted, sometimes convoluted mess.
Number of Individuals with Internet Access: Despite increasing reliance on digital technologies in every area of communication in Italy, the term "press" still mainly connotes the daily newspapers. Italy's daily newspapers have five distinguishing characteristics that set this medium apart from its counterpart in other west European countries: The first characteristic is the one most often stressed by analysts of the Italian press.
Compared with other member countries of the European Union EUItaly's aggregate daily newspaper circulation the social indicator used as a proxy to measure readership ranks just above Greece and Portugal, the two least advanced Mediterranean European Union EU members.
Paolo Mancini reports that aggregate daily newspaper circulation in Italy stood at per thousand citizens inand he remarked that this is very low indeed when one considers that the comparable figure is near in Norway Throughout most of the twentieth century, readership of daily newspapers was constant at about five million.
There was a small increase in the s, fueled by a turn to commercialization of the press, to a high 6. This figure of 6 million was computed by taking the annual circulation of daily periodicals, 2.
This also means that aggregate daily newspaper circulation has decreased to per thousand persons. There are several direct and indirect causes of the low-readership phenomenon. A direct cause is related to the logistics of matching the reader with the paper.
As is typical in other European nations, newspaper distribution in Italy is conducted almost exclusively via newsstands. However, for a variety of reasons related to permit requirements and attempts by operators to limit competition, the number of newsstands in Italy per persons is below that in Germany and France.
Another technical problem is the fact that prices are determined by a joint committee of government and business, and have inevitably crept up. In addition to pointing to availability of newsstands and price per copy, we can address the obvious question: True, Italians are not avid readers, but this statement needs to be qualified.
According to a survey conducted in Lumley 4nearly two thirds of the population reported never reading anything at all. Regional differences are significant, however.
Until the fifties, Italy's population outside the major urban centers was mainly rural and poor, and illiteracy was still fairly high in the Mezzogiorno region and in rural areas in general.
Almost four fifths of the population spoke a local dialect and were not very familiar with Italian. In some local dialects, the lira was referred to as the franc, while in another it was called a pfennig, which lends testimony to Italy's much more fragmented history.
Italian is still in the process of becoming the language that every Italian is comfortable with, and much of the new vocabulary, including technical and specialized language transliterated from other languages, was slow to trickle down to the less educated tier of the population. More often than not, Italian journalists writing for major daily papers did not engage in concerted efforts to translate or explain unfamiliar words to their reading public.
Literacy rates increased in the next two decades, and most Italians were now able to read a newspaper.Andrew J. Bacevich. Andrew J. Bacevich, a professor of history and international relations at Boston University.
A graduate of West Point, a veteran of the Vietnam War and a career soldier, he retired from the U.S.
Army with the rank of colonel. § English Language Arts and Reading, English III (One Credit), Beginning with School Year (a) Introduction. (1) The English Language Arts and Reading Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) are organized into the following strands: Reading, where students read and understand a wide variety of literary and informational texts; Writing, where students compose a variety of.
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