While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely.
A year earlier, she had been arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus. On a cold December evening inRosa Parks quietly incited a revolution — by just sitting down.
She was tired after spending the day at work as a department store seamstress. She stepped onto the bus for the ride home and sat in the fifth row — the first row of the "Colored Section. Montgomery bus driver James Blake ordered Parks and three other African Americans seated nearby to move "Move y'all, I want those two seats," to the back of the bus.
Three riders complied; Parks did not. The following excerpt of what happened next is from Douglas Brinkley's Rosa Park's biography.
Rosa Parks looked straight at him and said: The chain of events triggered by her arrest changed the United States. This began a chain reaction of similar boycotts throughout the South.
Inthe Supreme Court voted to end segregated busing.
Ina little-known minister named Martin Luther King Jr. Their teaching advocated civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance to social injustice. The demands they made were simple: Black passengers should be treated with courtesy.
Seating should be allotted on a first-come-first-serve basis, with white passengers sitting from front to back and black passengers sitting from back to front.
And African American drivers should drive routes that primarily serviced African Americans. On Monday, December 5, the boycott went into effect. Don't ride the bus to work, to town, to school, or any place Monday, December 5.
Another Negro Woman has been arrested and put in jail because she refused to give up her bus seat. Don't ride the buses to work to town, to school, or any where on Monday. If you work, take a cab, or share a ride, or walk.Freedom Movement Bibliography. See also: Books Written by Freedom Movement Veterans Book Titles Grouped by Subject Film, Videos & Audio Movement-Related Web Links.
Rosa Parks rode at the front of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus on the day the Supreme Court's ban on segregation of the city's buses took effect. A year earlier, she had been arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus.
Rosa Parks There were many women who have changed the world in the fields of math, science, sports, music, writing and leadership. Rosa Parks was a leader to help. Watch video · Civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to surrender her bus seat to a white passenger, spurring the Montgomery boycott and other efforts to end segregation.
Ads were placed in local papers. Rosa Parks, the "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement" was one of the most important citizens of the 20th century.
Mrs. Parks was a seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama when, in December of , she refused to give up her seat on a city bus to a white passenger. The bus driver had her arrested. She was tried and convicted of violating a local ordinance.
Early life. Parks was born in Fort Scott, Kansas, the son of Sarah (née Ross) and Jackson Parks, on Nov. 30, He was the youngest of fifteen children. His father was a farmer who grew corn, beets, turnips, potatoes, collard greens, and tomatoes.