Grades From by V. Susan Bennett-Armistead Play is many things to many people. For most of us, it is a self-selected, self-directed activity that children carry out for pleasure. In this article, I focus on a specific kind of play:
More resources The role of content teachers Currently, few middle or high school educators ever receive more than a token amount of training in literacy instruction, and few see themselves as teachers of reading and writing at all.
Instead, at the secondary level, most teachers tend to regard themselves as teachers of subject areas, such as biology, American history, or algebra.
Even English teachers — who might be assumed to be responsible for reading and writing instruction — tend to define themselves first and foremost as teachers of literature.
It should come as no surprise, then, that researchers have found that precious little reading or writing goes on in most content area classes. If the nation's students are to go beyond the basics of literacy, though, then secondary school teachers must acknowledge that they are more than teachers of facts, figures, dates, and procedures.
They must acknowledge that they are more even than teachers of mathematical, historical, scientific, and literary ways of thinking about and seeing the world. They also must teach their students to read and write and communicate like mathematicians, historians, scientists, literary critics, and educated members of society.
Finally, while not every teacher can be expected to do the job of a reading specialist, all teachers should be trained in certain essentials of literacy instructionand all teachers should be expected to support students' overall literacy development.
Specifically, all teachers should learn how to provide effective vocabulary instruction in their subject areas; all teachers should learn how to provide instruction in reading comprehension strategies that can help students make sense of content-area texts; all teachers should learn how to design reading and writing assignments that are likely to motivate students who lack engagement in school activities; and all teachers should learn how to teach students to read and write in the ways that are distinct to their own content areas.
Next steps Don't assume that the English department takes care of literacy instruction.
As long as math, science, and history teachers assume that the English department bears responsibility for reading and writing instruction, then they'll see no reason to take on that responsibility themselves.
If the school needs reading specialists, then hire reading specialists. Math, science, history, and English teachers tend to get nervous when people start talking about literacy instruction in the content areas.
If the school enrols struggling readers, then the school should hire specialists to work with them, leaving content area teachers to focus on the kinds of reading and writing that go on in their disciplines.
Meet with colleagues from your department to define the specific kinds of reading and writing that you want students to practice in your classes.
Within each content area, teachers should have a clear and consistent understanding of what it means for students to read and write proficiently in that domain. Biology teachers shouldn't be in the business of telling history teachers how to guide students in the analysis of early American political tracts, and history teachers shouldn't weigh in on how best to teach the writing of lab reports.
If secondary schools are to take seriously the teaching of literacy in the content areas, then they must allow the content areas to develop their own expertise and to exercise their own professional judgement as to the kinds of reading and writing that are most important to teach in their classes.Make a fun and engaging Christmas literacy activity with this post office writing table learning area!
Early writing skills and imaginative role play combined into a fun invitation to play. When I was teaching, one of my most favourite areas to set up and rotate in my classroom was the writing and mark-making area.
This really handy pack is full of new class displays and new EYFS class welcome activities to help you need set up your first early years classroom! 4 The Characteristics of Effective Learning and the prime and specific Areas of Learning and Development are all interconnected.
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Adapted from Early Years Foundation Stage – Lynn Green Physical Development- PRIME Reading Writing months Enjoys rhyming and rhythmic activities paint.
Shows awareness of rhyme and alliteration EYFS months curriculum Author: r-bridal.com What is Reading to Learn. engaging context of shared reading books, children can acquire them much faster than through traditional early years activities such as alphabet, phonics and sight word drills.
In the secondary school, the strategies support all students to learn the content of each curriculum area through reading and writing. The Importance of Writing with Young Children Melissa Wood carrying out writing activities that took the students through the entire writing process.
3 out that the parallels between reading and writing are more obvious for young children than for older students and adults.