The seven letters to the churches also challenge us today to examine our own lives to see which attributes of the seven churches, whether good and bad, are evident in our own lives? Today, the site is stranded several miles from the sea on the edge of a swampy alluvial plain and the former harbor is marked by a reed-bed. First, the temple was regarded as sacrosanct throughout the Mediterranean world and thus became the primary banking institution of Asia Minor.
News From the Field: Grey ; Chad Spigel Located to the northwest of the Sea of Galilee is the ancient village of Huqoq—a small agricultural site that was inhabited in the biblical, postbiblicalmedievaland modern periods.
Huqoq is mentioned briefly in the Hebrew Bible as belonging to the tribal lands of Naphtali Josh References to Huqoq in rabbinic literature for example, y. Huqoq was an ideal candidate for archaeological excavation for several reasons: In the consortium included Wofford College, and in —13, the University of Oklahoma.
The initial goals of the HEP were threefold: The HEP has now completed three seasons of excavations, and already these goals are being met and exceeded in exciting ways. During the first three seasons, excavations in the area overlying the ancient synagogue uncovered rooms and courtyards dating to the 19th and 20th centuries.
The discoveries include tabuns clay ovens ; small finds such as keys, coins, and lice combs; and a 19th-century musket and musket balls, all shedding light on village life during the Ottoman period. Insights into the ancient Jewish village of Huqoq have come from excavations some distance to the east of the ancient synagogue, which have exposed numerous rooms and the central courtyard s of one or more domestic structures from the late Roman period and have provided large quantities of pottery and small finds that clarify the dynamics of Galilean village life in antiquity.
This monumental building dates to the fifth century C.
Needless to say, these mosaics will shed valuable light on our understanding of Jewish art and synagogue worship in late antiquity.
In subsequent articles we will explore specific aspects of these discoveries and the impact they are having on the study of ancient Judaism. Grey is an assistant professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University. He is also an area supervisor for the Huqoq Excavation Project. His book, Ancient Synagogue Seating Capacities: Methodology, Analysis and Limits, was published by Mohr Siebeck in Of or related to history after the writing of the canonical Bible; can also mean transcending a culture that focuses on the Bible.
Judg Samson Defeats the Philistines 1After a while, at the time of the wheat harvest, Samson went to visit his wife, bringing along a kid. "A cycle is a series of scenes about Samson, in which different episodes relating to Samson are depicted." Another portion of mosaic discovered in the synagogue's east aisle preserves a scene that includes several male figures and an elephant.
A glittering mosaic of colored stones once decorated an ancient synagogue floor with scenes of the biblical hero Samson getting revenge on the Philistines.
The presence of the temple of Artemis (Diana) added to the commercial importance of Ephesus, for two reasons. First, the temple was regarded as sacrosanct throughout the Mediterranean world and thus became the primary banking institution of Asia Minor.
During the inital excavation period in July , portions of a stunning mosaic floor decorating the interior of the synagogue building were revealed.
The mosaic, which is made of tiny colored stone cubes of the highest quality, includes a scene likely depicting Samson placing torches between the tails of foxes (Judges 15). An archaeological dig in Israel has uncovered a synagogue building which features a rare mosaic image of the biblical character Samson.
The synagogue, which is being described by the Israeli Antiquities Authority (IAA) as "monumental," dates back to the Late Roman period (between the .