An analysis of state and local government

Frequent and severe economic fluctuations, taxpayer resistance to the cost of government services, mandates, and decreasing financial aid from the federal government make the need for more efficiency and economy in government urgent and sound financial management essential. State and Local Government Financial Analysis and Management provides students with an understanding of the fundamental fiscal issues confronting state and local administrators and policymakers, and with the basic technical knowledge and skills required of entry-level professionals in budget and finance offices, legislative agencies, and other organizations associated with the state-local finance function. This area of study familiarizes students with key institutions involved in state-local finance, application of analytical techniques to fiscal issues, and fiscal data sources.

An analysis of state and local government

By stripping unions of their ability to collect fair share fees, a decision for the plaintiffs in Janus would hurt all state and local government workers by impeding their ability to organize and bargain collectively.

A majority 58 percent of union workers workers covered by a collective bargaining contract in state and local government are women. African Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders make up one-third of unionized state and local government workers.

While teachers constitute the single largest subgroup of union workers in state and local government, union workers also include those serving the public as administrators, social workers, police officers, firefighters, and other professionals.

On average, union workers in state and local government have substantially more formal education than workers in the private sector. Over 60 percent of state and local government union workers have a four-year college degree or more education, compared with one-third in the private sector.

Data on union membership trends shed light on why a Supreme Court decision affecting the unionized state and local government workforce has broad implications. State and local government workers constitute the largest subgroup Over a third In the s, state and local government worker union membership has been slowly declining as attacks on public-sector unions have ramped up.

Union membership in the public and private sectors, to today As ofover one-third As the figure shows, state and local government union membership rates held steady throughout the s and throughout most of the s, but have since started to decline.

By contrast, in the private sector, union membership rates have been falling almost continuously since the mids. Historically, the union membership rates in the overall public and private sectors looked very different than they do today.

Injust Union membership in the public sector expanded rapidly from the early s to the mids, dipped a little by the early s, and remained fairly steady over nearly the next three decades. However, in recent years the public-sector union membership rate has experienced a slow decline.

The state and local government workforce of Thus, state and local government employees account for the vast majority The number of total public-sector union members including federal workers has increased tenfold since and, as ofstands at 7.

Most of this growth occurred between the early s and mids; in recent years the number of public-sector union members has declined slightly. Meanwhile, despite greatly expanded total private-sector employment, there are just over half as many private-sector union members today as there were in Inthere were almost as many union members in the total public local, state, and federal sectors 7.

Union membership rate, by sector, — All.State and Local Government Financial Analysis and Management provides students with an understanding of the fundamental fiscal issues confronting state and local administrators and policymakers, and with the basic technical knowledge and skills required of entry-level professionals in budget and finance offices, legislative agencies, and other organizations associated with the state .

State and Local Government Debt Congressional Research Service Summary The financial consequences of the recession that spanned from December through June.

Do state and local governments smooth their consumption spending across years, or is their spending driven mainly by contemporaneous changes in resources? We design a test to determine which view of state and local spending is more consistent with the data.

An analysis of state and local government

We find that state and local spending is. Fiscal 50 builds on data from U.S. government agencies, the Nelson A.

An analysis of state and local government

Rockefeller Institute of Government, the National Association of State Budget Officers, the National Governors Association, and Pew’s own research. Differences can be expected between certain fiscal data used in this analysis and data compiled and used by states for. Professionals and office and administrative support workers make up the second largest occupation group in the state and local government union workforce, accounting for percent of state and local government workers represented by a union.

State and Local Government Financial Analysis and Management provides students with an understanding of the fundamental fiscal issues confronting state and local administrators and policymakers, and with the basic technical knowledge and skills required of entry-level professionals in budget and finance offices, legislative agencies, .

Fiscal State Trends and Analysis | The Pew Charitable Trusts