Cebu, Philippines Portuguese explorer While in the service of Spain, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led the first European voyage of discovery to circumnavigate travel around the globe.
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe. Like many of his contemporaries, Magellan set out to discover a Western sea route to the Spice Islands in Indonesia.
Magellan ended up proving, instead, that the world was indeed round and bigger than anyone had previously imagined. Early life Ferdinand Magellan was born about to a noble family in Portugal.
As a boy, he served the queen of Portugal as a page, and studied cartography and navigation tenaciously. In his mids, Magellan joined the Portuguese fleet — a job that took him to East Africa, where he fought Egyptian ships in the Battle of Diu; Malacca Malaysiawhere he participated in the conquest of their port; and Morocco, where a wound resulted in a limp he would suffer for the rest of his life.
While in Morocco, Magellan was accused of trading illegally with the Moors. Despite his repeated denial of the allegations, Magellan lost his post and future offers of Portuguese employment.
InMagellan moved to Seville, Spain, where he met a well-connected Portuguese transplant, Diogo Barbosa, married his daughter, Beatriz, and had a son. Young King Charles I readily approved and financed the expedition.
Journey in the Atlantic On Aug. From Spain, the fleet sailed to Brazil and then headed south, hugging the coast. They were searching for a fabled water passage that would allow them to cross South America without going around Cape Horn. Magellan searched Rio de la Plata, a Brazilian estuary, fruitlessly for a long time.
Many crewmembers were freezing in the bad weather or starving. He quelled the uprising, killing one captain and leaving another behind. He also sent the Santiago ahead to scout, but it was shipwrecked. Most of the crewmembers were saved, and the fleet spent a winter of harrowing storms in Port San Julian.
Strait of Magellan When the weather improved, Magellan set sail again. The Strait of Magellan is a curvy, narrow channel that separates Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America from the continental mainland.
Sailing through it was treacherous: It took the fleet over a month to pass through the mile strait.
During that time, the captain of the San Antonio turned his ship around and sailed back to Spain — taking a good deal of the supplies with him. Magellan's fleet left Spain on Aug. The ships passed through the Strait of Magellan on Oct. Magellan was killed in the Philippines on April 27, The remaining two ships returned to Spain in September — three years and a month since the journey began.
Pacific Ocean After 38 days on the strait, the fleet finally emerged at the Pacific Ocean in November They were the first Europeans to see this ocean. Magellan named it Mar Pacifico because its waters appeared calm in comparison to the difficult strait waters.
Magellan underestimated the size of the ocean, and the ships were unprepared for the journey. Many crewmembers starved while searching for land. Finally in March, the ships landed at Guam. There, they were able to replenish their foot supplies before sailing to the Philippines.
Some of the natives agreed to convert, while others did not — and the split caused problems in the population. The Cebuan king became Christian, and sought to fight against a neighboring group, the Mactan, who did not convert.
The Cebuans asked Magellan to join them in their fight, and he agreed. Against the advice of his men, Magellan led the attack, assuming his European weapons would ensure a quick victory. The Mactan people, however, fought fiercely and struck Magellan with a poison arrow.Early life and travels Ferdinand Magellan was born in Oporto, Portugal, in His parents were members of the Portuguese nobility, and the young Magellan found himself in .
The Travels of Ferdinand Magellan (Explorers and Exploration) [Joanne Mattern, Patrick O'Brien] on r-bridal.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Presents a biography of the daring Portuguese sea captain who commanded the first expedition that sailed around the r-bridal.coms: 1.
Ferdinand Magellan (/ m Early life and travels. Effigy of Ferdinand Magellan in the Monument of the Discoveries, in Lisbon, Portugal.
Magellan was born in northern Portugal in around , either at Vila Nova de Gaia, near Porto, in Douro Litoral Province, or at Sabrosa, near Vila Real, in Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro r-bridal.com: February 3, , Sabrosa, Portugal. Ferdinand Magellan.
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|Ferdinand Magellan - HISTORY||Magellan's five small ships, the Armada de Molucca, departed Seville in with about crew members from "divers nations"—Greeks, Venetians, Genoese, Sicilians, French, Portuguese, Spaniards, and others—as the chronicler Antonio Pigafetta d. This three-year expedition was the most important European voyage of discovery after the voyages of Vasco da Gama ca.|
Born: Oporto, Portugal Died: April 27, Cebu, Philippines Portuguese explorer. While in the service of Spain, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led the first European voyage of discovery to circumnavigate (travel around) the globe. His voyage provided clear proof that the Earth is round..
Early life and travels. In September , Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan set sail with a fleet of five Spanish ships in attempt to find the Spice Islands by heading west.
Although Magellan died during the journey, he is credited with the first circumnavigation of Earth. Ferdinand Magellan was born in in. The Ferdinand Magellan train rail car (also known as U.S.
Car. No. 1) is a former Pullman Company observation car that was re-built by the U.S. Government for presidential use from until A replica of the Victoria, the only ship of Magellan's to survive the Died: April 27, (aged 41), Kingdom of Mactan, (now Lapu-Lapu City, Philippines).